The physical manifestations of stress can be anything from nail biting to insomnia, high blood pressure, and an inability to function on a normal, day to day basis. The non-physical elements can include mood swings, lapses of concentration, to full-blown depression. Needless to say, none of these things contribute to a productive life, both in and out of work. Stress, unfortunately, is unavoidable – so how can we control and manage it properly?
Managing The Event of Stress
In order to develop an effective stress management programme it is first necessary to identify the factors that are central to a person controlling his/her stress, and to identify the intervention methods which effectively target these factors. Lazarus and Folkman’s interpretation of stress focuses on the transaction between people and their external environment (known as the Transactional Model). The model contends that stress may not be a stressor if the person does not perceive the stressor as a threat but rather as positive or even challenging.
Also, if the person possesses or can use adequate coping skills, then stress may not actually be a result or develop because of the stressor. The model proposes that people can be taught to manage their stress and cope with their stressors. They may learn to change their perspective of the stressor and provide them with the ability and confidence to improve their lives and handle all of types of stressors.
Eating a balanced diet can also help to manage stress. When we are under pressure we all have the tendency to turn to comfort foods- specially the sweet ones which can all cause health problems in the long run. This is why it is important that we take special care of this aspect of our life. Interestingly there are some foods that can help in stressful conditions. Foods that are rich in selenium and choline can all be useful to deal with stress.
In the Journal of Applied Psychology, S.E. Jackson argues that stress relief for nurses begins with assessment and management of stress risk. When you assess your workforce, be mindful of the stress causations.
For example, certain areas of medicine, like pediatrics and oncology, can put an emotional drain on nurses. Also, view the interactions between nurses and patients. Many nurses begin to relate closely to their patients. Finally, remember that nurses work with sick people. Exposure to illness can cause infection of the nurse, causing a physical stress in addition to emotional stress.
Becoming a successful “stress manager” requires using a few key strategies. First, take inventory of the past week;s activities, both in your personal and business life, noting what your body was feeling and what caused these feelings. Doing so will help give you an idea of the stressors you have been feeling and your reactions to them.
Since we all respond differently to stress, there is not a one-size-fits-all method to stress management. Focus on that which makes you feel calm and in control. Operating on a daily red alert comes with a high price tag: your stamina, your health, and your peace of mind. While it may seem that stress is inevitable–there will always be bad drivers, there will never be any more hours in a day, and your marriage will always take work. Fortunately, there is good news; you have more control over your life and stress reduction then you think. Simply recognizing that you are the master of your own destiny is the basis of stress management.
Document Your Feelings
At some point, most of us have experienced neck and shoulder pain, which, when investigated, would likely have been discovered to be the result of muscle tension. This would be an example of the proverbial “pain in the neck,” the body;s response to our irritation with someone.One way of relieving this tension is through tightening and relaxing of the various muscles in the neck. In doing so you will feel a lessening of tension in your body as the muscles automatically relax. Another relaxation technique is to scan the body;s muscle groups for tense areas. After doing this, take a few slow, deep abdominal breaths and say to yourself, “Relax and let go.”